Saturday, 23 September 2017

Saint Linus. Pope And Martyr. Feast Day, Today, 23 September.

Text from Wikipedia - the free encyclopaedia,
unless otherwise stated.

English: The Cupola of the Basilica of Saint Peter, Rome.
Italiano: Città del Vaticano - Cupola della Basilica di S. Pietro.
Photo: January 2006.
Source: Own work.
Author: MarkusMark.
(Wikimedia Commons)

Pope Linus (+ 79 A.D.)
Date: Copied from en: to he: by he:User:Ches.
Author: Unknown.
(Wikimedia Commons)

Pope Linus (+ 79 A.D.) was, according to several early sources, the second Bishop of Rome and is listed by The Catholic Church as the second Pope.

His Papacy lasted from circa 67 A.D., to his death, circa 79 A.D. According to other early sources, Pope Clement I was the second Pope; per the Annuario Pontificio, Clement was the fourth Pope. Among those considered by The Catholic Church to have held the position of Pope, only Clement, Linus and Peter are specifically mentioned in The New Testament.

The earliest witness, to Linus's status as Bishop, was Irenaeus, who, about the year 180 A.D., wrote: "The Blessed Apostles, then, having Founded and built up The Church, committed into the hands of Linus, The Office of The Episcopate."

The Oxford Dictionary of Popes interprets Irenaeus as classifying Linus as the First Bishop of Rome. Linus is presented, by Saint Jerome, as "the first, after Peter, to be in charge of The Roman Church", and, by Eusebius, as "the first to receive the Episcopate of The Church at Rome, after the Martyrdom of Saint Peter and Saint Paul". Saint John Chrysostom wrote: "This Linus, some say, was second Bishop of The Church of Rome, after Peter", while The Liberian Catalogue presents Peter as the first Bishop of Rome and Linus as his successor in the same Office.

The Liber Pontificalis also presents a List that makes Linus the second in the Line of Bishops of Rome, after Peter, while also stating that Peter Ordained two Bishops, Linus and Cletus, for the Priestly Service of the Community, devoting himself instead to Prayer and Preaching, and that it was to Clement that he entrusted The Church as a whole, appointing him as his successor.

Tertullian, too, wrote of Clement as the successor of Peter. Jerome classified Clement as "the fourth Bishop of Rome, after Peter" (i.e., fourth in a series that included Peter), adding that, "most of the Latins think that Clement was second after The Apostle."

The Apostolic Constitutions denote that Linus, who was Ordained by Paul, was the first Bishop of Rome and was succeeded by Clement, who was Ordained by Peter. Cletus is considered Linus's successor by Irenaeus, and the others cited above, who present Linus either as the first Bishop of Rome or, if they give Peter as the first, as the second.

The Liberian Catalogue and The Liber Pontificalis date Linus's Episcopate to 56 A.D. – 67 A.D., during the Reign of Nero, but Jerome dates it to 67 A.D. – 78 A.D., and Eusebius puts the end of his Episcopate at the second year of the Reign of Titus (80 A.D.).

Irenaeus identifies Linus with the Linus mentioned in 2 Timothy 4:21 as an associate of The Apostle Paul. Others, of the sources mentioned above, say the same.

According to The Liber Pontificalis, Linus was an Italian, born in Volterra, in the Tuscany Region. His father's name was recorded as Herculanus. The Apostolic Constitutions name his mother as Claudia (immediately after the name "Linus", in 2 Timothy 4:21, a Claudia is mentioned, but the Apostolic Constitutions do not explicitly identify that Claudia as Linus's mother).

According to Liber Pontificalis, Linus issued a Decree that women should cover their heads in Church, created the first fifteen Bishops, and that he died a Martyr and was buried on The Vatican Hill, next to Peter. It gives the date of his death as 23 September, the date on which his Feast is still Celebrated. His name is included in The Roman Canon of The Mass.

With respect to Linus's supposed Decree requiring women to cover their heads, J.P. Kirsch commented in The Catholic Encyclopedia: "Without doubt, this Decree is apocryphal, and copied by the author of The Liber Pontificalis from The First Epistle of Saint Paul to The Corinthians (11:5) and arbitrarily attributed to the first successor of The Apostle in Rome. The statement made, in the same source, that Linus suffered Martyrdom, cannot be proved and is improbable. For, between Nero and Domitian, there is no mention of any persecution of The Roman Church; and Irenaeus (1. c., III, iv, 3), from among the early Roman Bishops, designates only Telesphorus as a glorious Martyr."

The Roman Martyrology does not list Linus as a Martyr. The entry about him is as follows: "At Rome, Commemoration of Saint Linus, Pope, who, according to Irenaeus, was the person to whom The Blessed Apostles entrusted the Episcopal care of The Church, Founded in the City, and whom Blessed Paul the Apostle mentions as associated with him."

A tomb, found in Saint Peter's Basilica, in 1615, by Torrigio, was inscribed with the letters LINVS and was once taken to be Linus's tomb. However, a note by Torrigio shows that these were merely the last five letters of a longer name (e.g. Aquilinus or Anullinus). A Letter on The Martyrdom of Peter and Paul was once attributed to Linus, but, in fact, dates to the 6th-Century A.D.

The Feast Day of Pope Linus is 23 September.

[Editor: There is a famous Character, in the Strip Cartoon "Peanuts", named Linus van Pelt, who is Charlie Brown's blanket-toting best friend and Sally's love interest. Linus is the most insecure, but the smartest out of all the Characters.]

The following Text is from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal.

Saint Linus.
   Pope and Martyr.
   Feast Day 23 September.


Red Vestments.

"At Rome," says The Roman Martyrology, "the triumph of Saint Linus, Pope and Martyr, who immediately succeeded Saint Peter in the government of The Church. He suffered Martyrdom, and was buried on The Vatican Hill, next to The Prince of The Apostles."

The name of Saint Linus is mentioned in The Canon of The Mass, after the names of The Apostles.

Mass: Státuit.
Collects: Of The Mass: Sacerdótes.
Commemoration: Of Saint Thecla.

The Ballad Of Summorum Pontificum. "It Was The 7th July 2007: The Most Beautiful Day This Side Of Heaven . . ."

Pope Emeritus Benedict XVI.
Illustration: VATICAN

The video was made by "The Bones", whose Blog can be found at

The Ballad of Summorum Pontificum.
Composed and Sung by "The Bones".
Available on YouTube at

The Ballad of Summorum Pontificum

It was the 7th July 2007
"The most beautiful day
This side of Heaven"
A treasure was released

The Mass of all Ages
The Missal was closed
Now a Priest turns the pages

So we kneel down and Pray the Confiteor
Now he's facing the right way, towards The Lord
Ad Deum quit laetificat juvemtutem meum

He turns around and the people say give us some more !
For over 50 years
A Mass that lay hidden
Came out of the closet
No moth there had bitten

No dust was upon it
For this Mass is timeless
You can tell when you walk through the door !
You can hear the Bells ring out thrice at The Sanctus

He turns around and he says "Oratre Fratres"
Priest and people pray Domine non sum dignus
And the people say give us some more

Some more
Summorum Pontificum !
Gimme some more, some more
Gimme some more
Some more
Summorum Pontificum !

Gimme some more, some more, give us some more !
Ecce Agnus Dei qui tollis peccata mundi
Now we can hear the words ring out
Every Sunday

The Latin Mass is back
Put your guitars on the floor
We have Communion kneeling and on the tongue

All Ages they pass
All Ages they vary
The Mass of Ages belongs
In our Seminaries

Our Bishops they don't want it
Oh, if only they could
Say " God bless our Pope
The great and the good ! "

Some more
Summorum Pontificum !
Gimme some more, some more
Gimme some more
Some more
Summorum Pontificum !

Gimme some more, some more
Gimme some more !
The Mass that brings sinners
To The Fountain of Grace
The Mass that made Martyrs
Embrace their pains

The Mass that brought hope
To the poor and abandoned
Finding in Jesus (bow head)
The perfect companion

But that Mass is back (back)
To liberal dismay
That Mass is back (back)
To liberal dismay

That Mass is back (back)
To liberal dismay
That Mass is back (back)
You might find one today !

Some more
Summorum Pontificum !
Gimme some more, some more
Gimme some more
Some more
Summorum Pontificum !

Gimme some more, some more
Gimme some more !
(Repeat x 2)

It was the 7th July 2007
"The most beautiful day
This side of Heaven"

Friday, 22 September 2017

This Will Be The Third Time That A Latin Missa Cantata Has Been Celebrated In This Mediaeval Church Since 1538.

Saint Augustine's Church, 
Snave, Ashford, Kent.
A Latin Missa Cantata will be Celebrated here on Saturday, 23 September 2017, 1200 hrs.
Travel Directions are given, below.
It is possible that a small private Chapel stood on this site before the present building was commenced in the Late-13th-Century. The East End is unusual in that The Lady Chapel
(more recently used as a school room) vies for importance with The Chancel.
Declared redundant in 1983, Saint Augustine's Church is now entirely maintained by
The Romney Marsh Historic Churches Trust.
Text: © 2014 Joan Campbell.
Photograph: © 2014 John Hendy.

Missa Cantata at Saint Augustine's, Snave (near Ashford, Kent), 
September 2015.
The first time in 477 years that a Latin Sung Mass (Missa Cantata) had been Celebrated
in this beautiful Mediaeval Church on Romney Marsh, Kent, England.
On Saturday, 23 September 2017, 1200 hrs, there will be Celebrated another
Missa Cantata at this lovely Church.

The Latin Mass Society returns to Snave
for a Missa Cantata, at 12 Noon,
Saturday, 23 September 2017
(Ember Saturday).
Celebrant is Monsignor Antony Conlon.

Music will be supplied by
The Victoria Consort.
For those unfamiliar with the
superb quality of their singing, a CD,
is available to purchase from the LMS

Saint Augustine's Church is one of the Mediaeval Churches now in the care of
The Romney Marsh Historic Churches Trust (Link is external), who have kindly given permission for us to celebrate The Mass there.

Light refreshments will be served after Mass.

Missa Cantata.
Saint Augustine's Church,
Snave, Ashford, Kent TN26 2QJ.

23 September 2017,
1200 hrs.

Monsignor Antony Conlon.

The Victoria Consort.
Dominic Bevan.

Further Details:
Mrs. Marygold Turner
01580 291372.

Travel Directions to Saint Augustine's Church,
Snave (near Ashford), Kent TN26 2QJ.

By Road.
Leave the M20 at Junction 10.
Follow the A2070 towards Hastings.
After, approx, 9.3 miles, take the Slip Road
to the LEFT 
(signposted "SNAVE").

At the Post-Box (on your LEFT),
TURN LEFT, and you have arrived
at the Church.
(N.B. Google Maps mark the destination
as "Manor Farm")

By Rail.
Frequent Trains from Saint Pancras International Railway Station, London, going to ASHFORD INTERNATIONAL.
Then take a Taxi to SNAVE.

Permission for this Mass at Saint Augustine's Church, 
Snave, Ashford, Kent,
has been kindly given by 

 From The Latin Mass Society.

Missa Cantata in Saint Augustine's,
Snave (near Ashford), Kent TN26 2QJ.
Saturday, 23 September 2017.
1200 hrs.

Snave is one of a group of Mediaeval Churches built to serve very small communities on Romney Marsh, in Kent. Now redundant, they are in the care of The Romney Marsh Historic Churches Trust, who have kindly given permission for us to Celebrate Mass on Saturday, 23 September 2017, Feast of Pope Saint Linus, and, also, Ember Saturday in September) at 12 noon.

Last year (2016) was the second time that a Latin Mass had been Celebrated in the Church since Reformation times. We are delighted to be able to return this year.

Missa Cantata.
Saint Augustine's Church,
Snave, Ashford, Kent TN26 2QJ.

23 September 2017,
1200 hrs.

Monsignor Antony Conlon.

The Victoria Consort.
Dominic Bevan.

Further Details:
Mrs. Marygold Turner
01580 291372.

Permission for this Mass at Saint Augustine's Church,
Snave, Ashford, Kent, has been kindly given by

Saint Thomas Of Villanova. Bishop And Confessor. Feast Day 22 September.

Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless stated otherwise.

Saint Thomas Of Villanova.
   Bishop And Confessor.
   Feast Day 22 September.


White Vestments.

Saint Thomas of Villanova.
Artist: Simone Cantarini (1612-1648).
Date: First half of the 17th-Century.
Current location: Pinacoteca Civica, Fano, Italy.
(Wikimedia Commons)

Thomas was born in Spain in the 15th-Century. From his earliest childhood he had the tenderest compassion for The Poor. Having entered The Order of Hermits of Saint Augustine, he was soon made Superior, and, after having refused the Archbishopric of Granada, he was forced to accept that of Valencia.

He thus shared in the Eternal Priesthood of Christ (Introit, Epistle, Gradual, Offertory). He spent on The Poor the large revenues of his Church, and, on the day of his death, in 1555, he gave away his last Penny, and died on a bed which did not even belong to him.

The Church, therefore, Celebrates especially in this Pontiff "his extraordinary Charity towards The Poor" (Collect, Antiphon of The Benedictus).

Mass: Státuit.
Secret: Sancti Thomae.
Postcommunion: Deus fidélium.
Commemoration of Saint Maurice and Companions.

The following Text is from Wikipedia - the free encyclopaedia.

Saint Thomas of Villanova O.S.A. (1488–1555) was a Spanish Friar of The Order of Saint Augustine, who was a noted Preacher, Ascetic and Religious Writer of his day. He became an Archbishop, who was famous for the extent of his care for The Poor of his See.

Thursday, 21 September 2017

Saint Matthew. Apostle And Evangelist. Feast Day, Today, 21 September.

Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless stated otherwise.

Saint Matthew. 
   Apostle And Evangelist. 
   Feast Day 21 September.

Double of The Second-Class.

Red Vestments.

English: The Inspiration of Saint Matthew.
Français: L'Inspiration de saint Matthieu.
Date: 1602.
Current location: Contarelli Chapel, Church of San Luigi dei Francesi, Rome, Italy.
(Wikimedia Commons)

Artist: Rene de Cramer.
"Copyright Brunelmar/Ghent/Belgium".
Used with Permission.

We read in the Gospel, Saint Matthew's own account of his conversion. The Epistle describes the famous vision, where Ezechiel saw four symbolical animals, which, from earliest Centuries, have been recognised as types of The Four Evangelists.

Saint Matthew is represented by the animal with a human face, because he commences his Gospel by tracing the human descent of Jesus. His object in writing this book, which is stamped by true wisdom (Introit), was to prove that Jesus realised The Prophecies relating to The Deliverance of Israel and that He is, therefore, The Messias.

After Pentecost, The Apostle Preached The Good News in Palestine and in Ethiopia, where he was Martyred.

The name of Saint Matthew is in The Canon of The Mass, in the group of The Apostles.

Every Parish Priest Celebrates Mass for the people of his Parish.

Mass: Os justi.
Epistle: Similitudo vultus.
Preface: Of The Holy Apostles.

Wednesday, 20 September 2017

Ember Wednesday In September. And Rogation Days.

Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless stated otherwise.

Ember Wednesday In September.
   20 September.

Station at Saint Mary Major, Rome.

Violet Vestments.

The Four Seasons of the Year begin with the Liturgical periods known as Ember Weeks. They are known since the 5th-Century A.D., but they were fixed to their present dates by Pope Saint Gregory VII in the 12th-Century.

The Ember Days are Three Fast Days, Wednesday, Friday, and Saturday, intended to Consecrate to God the various Seasons in Nature, and to prepare those who are about to be Ordained.

The Gospel recalls Gabriel's mission to Mary to inform her that she was about to become The Mother of God.

No human voice, but an Angel's, must make known the Mystery of such message. Today, for the first time, are heard the words: "The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee." They are heard and believed. "Behold," says Mary, "the handmaid of The Lord, be it done to me according to thy word" (Third Lesson). During seven Centuries, now, Isaias had foretold this Virgin Motherhood (Epistle, Communion).

Rogation Days. Circa 1950:
The Vicar and Sunday School Children go out into the fields to Bless the Crops.
The little boy is carrying a symbolic Tree of Plenty.
Picture Credit: Hulton Archive/Getty Images.
Illustration: ABOUT RELIGION

As on other Wednesdays in Ember Weeks, The Station is held at Saint Mary Major, Rome.

The Prophet Amos had foretold in the 8th-Century B.C., the destruction of The Kingdom of Israel and its coming restoration (Lesson). Later on, indeed, Nehemias and Esdras brought back the captives from Babylon and rebuilt Jerusalem. When this work was completed, they all assembled on the first day of the seventh month, when Esdras read to them The Law of Moses and said: "This is The Holy Day of The Lord, be not sad for The Joy of The Lord is our strength" (Epistle and Communion).

The Wednesday in September Ember Week, which month was formerly, as its name shows, the seventh month of the year, recalls this joyous Anniversary, which was a figure of our redemption by Jesus; indeed, the Introit tells us to be thrilled with joy in God our Protector..

This joy is accompanied by the Spirit of Penitence, expressed in the Violet Vestments used, and The Church Prays that we, depriving ourselves of bodily nourishment, may also abstain from sins of the mind (Collect). The Gospel, indeed, speaks of the impure spirit which can only be dispelled by Prayer and Fasting.

Having fallen into sin through our weakness, let us Pray and Fast, that God may give a remedy by His merciful help (Collect before The Lesson).

Mass: Exsultáte Deo.
Preface: Common Preface.

Rogation Days.

Rogation Days, like their distant cousins, The Ember Days, are days set aside to observe
a change in the Seasons. Rogation Days are tied to the Spring planting. There are
Four Rogation Days: The Major Rogation, which falls on 25 April, and Three Minor Rogations, which are Celebrated on the Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday immediately
before Ascension Thursday.

For an Abundant Harvest.

As The Catholic Encyclopedia notes, Rogation Days are "Days of Prayer, and formerly,
also of Fasting, instituted by The Church to appease God's anger at man's transgressions,
to ask protection in calamities, and to obtain a good and bountiful harvest."

Illustration: ABOUT RELIGION

Origin of the Word.

Rogation is simply an English form of the Latin "Rogatio", which comes from the verb "Rogare", which means "to ask." The primary purpose of The Rogation Days is to ask God to Bless the fields and the Parish (the geographic area) that they fall in.
The Major Rogation likely replaced the Roman feast of "Robigalia", on which
(The Catholic Encyclopedia notes) "the heathens held processions and supplications to
their gods." While the Romans directed their prayers for good weather and an abundant harvest
to a variety of gods, the Christians made the Tradition their own, by replacing Roman
polytheism with monotheism, and directing their Prayers to God.
By the time of Pope Saint Gregory the Great (540 A.D. - 604 A.D.),
the Christianised Rogation Days were already considered an ancient custom.

The Litany, Procession, and Mass.

The Rogation Days were marked by the recitation of The Litany of The Saints, which would
normally begin in, or at, a Church. After Saint Mary was invoked, the Congregation would
proceed to walk the boundaries of the Parish, while reciting the rest of The Litany (and repeating
it as necessary or supplementing it with some of The Penitential or Gradual Psalms). Thus,
the entire Parish would be Blessed, and the boundaries of the Parish would be marked. The procession would end with a Rogation Mass, in which all in the Parish were expected to take part.

Sunday School Children Celebrate Rogation Day in 1953.
A photo at Market Lavington Museum, Wiltshire, England.

Like The Ember Days, Rogation Days were removed from The Liturgical Calendar when it was revised in 1969, coinciding with the introduction of The Mass of Paul VI (The Novus Ordo).
Parishes can still Celebrate them, though very few in The United States do; but, in portions of Europe, The Major Rogation is still Celebrated with a Procession. As The Western World has become more industrialised, Rogation Days and Ember Days, focused as they are on agriculture and the changes of the Seasons, have seemed less "relevant." Still, they are good ways to keep us in touch with nature and to remind us that The Church's Liturgical Calendar is tied to the changing Seasons.

Celebrating The Rogation Days.

If your Parish does not celebrate The Rogation Days, there's nothing to stop you from Celebrating them yourself. You can mark the Days by reciting The Litany of The Saints. And, while many
modern Parishes, especially in The United States, have boundaries that are too extensive to walk,
you could learn where those boundaries are and walk a portion of them, getting to know your surroundings, and maybe your neighbours, in the process. Finish it all off by attending
daily Mass and Praying for good weather and a fruitful harvest.

Saint Michael's Church, Bunwell, Norfolk, England, has always been the centre of Village Life.
In this picture, taken on Rogation Sunday, April 1967, the Rector, Rev. Samuel Collins,
followed by the Choir, Parishioners, and The New Buckenham Silver Band, walk
The Parish Boundaries and pause to Bless the stream.

The following Text is from Wikipedia - the free encyclopaedia.

In The Liturgical Calendar of The Western Christian Churches, Ember Days are four separate Sets of Three Days within the same Week — specifically, the Wednesday, Friday, and Saturday — roughly equidistant in the circuit of the Year, that are set aside for Fasting and Prayer.

These Days set apart for Special Prayer and Fasting were considered especially suitable for The Ordination of Clergy. The Ember Days are known in Latin as the "quattuor anni tempora" (the "Four Seasons of The Year"), or, formerly, as the "jejunia quattuor temporum" ("Fasts of The Four Seasons").

The Four Quarterly Periods, during which The Ember Days fall, are called The Embertides.

The Vigil Of Saint Matthew. Apostle And Evangelist. 20 September.

Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless stated otherwise.

The Vigil Of Saint Matthew. 
   Apostle And Evangelist. 
   20 September.


Violet Vestments.

English: The Inspiration of Saint Matthew.
Français: L'Inspiration de saint Matthieu.
Date: 1602.
Current location: Contarelli Chapel, Church of San Luigi dei Francesi, Rome, Italy.
(Wikimedia Commons)

In order to honour the high dignity of The Apostles (Secret), The Church prepares us for their Feasts by a Vigil. She therefore Commemorates on this day Saint Matthew by special Collects and by The Last Gospel of The Mass in which Saint Luke relates the call of this Apostle.

A Galilean by birth, his name before his conversion was Levi; he was a publican. This profession was that of a collector of The Roman Taxes and was very odious to the Jews, who were thus reminded of their dependence.

Generally harsh and greedy, the publican was considered by the Pharisees to be the type of the sinner. Wherefore The Church shows us Jesus as the healer of Souls whom He calls to Penance (Gospel).

Mass: Ego autem.
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